Dietary fibre supplements
A diet rich in fibre with abundant water intake contributes to forming soft faeces which are easy to evacuate and helps to counteract the onset of various anorectal diseases. In particular, by regularising the intestinal transit and modifying the stool consistency, fibres help to counteract constipation and to prevent the onset of haemorrhoids. Intestinal regularity is in fact fundamental for the prevention and treatment of haemorrhoidal disease.
Dietary fibres are mixtures of polysaccharides which, based on the solubility in water of their components, are classified into:
Consisting mainly of high molecular weight polysaccharides, such as cellulose and hemicellulose. After reaching the colon intact, insoluble fibres accelerate the intestinal transit and the frequency of evacuation, increasing and softening the faeces and reducing the contact time between the intestinal walls and the harmful substances ingested.
Insoluble fibres are the fibres which are generally eaten with a normal diet. Natural sources of insoluble fibre include most whole grains, wheat bran, rye, green leafy vegetables, chickpeas, lentils, peas, dried fruit and many other foods.
They consist mainly of low molecular weight polysaccharides; they have a high capacity to absorb water. As they dissolve in water, these fibres swell and form a viscous gel which can reach a weight that is much higher than the initial one. Thanks to their features, soluble fibres act along the entire digestive tract:
- in the stomach: they increase the viscosity of the alimentary bolus and the sense of satiety, delaying gastric emptying.
- in the small intestine: they slow down intestinal transit and modulate the absorption of some nutrients with a consequent reduction of glycaemic peaks and of cholesterol and LDL levels in the blood.
- in the colon: soluble fibres are fermented by the intestinal microflora, promoting the growth of useful bacteria with prebiotic properties, to the detriment of pathogenic bacteria.
Soluble fibres also promote the absorption of minerals such as calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. Soluble fibres include pectin, inulin, gums, galactooligosaccharides and fructose. In nature the sources of soluble fibres are mainly fruits, vegetables, cereals, some species of edible fungi and some types of algae.
Should it be difficult to take adequate levels of fibre with food alone, it is possible to use specific food supplements, paying attention to the amount of fibre they contain. There are several fibre-based supplements on the market, useful for bridging possible dietary deficiencies or in case of an increased need for these nutrients.
THD offers two food supplements based on natural fibres: THD Fibraid® and THD Fibraid® Gel. For further information on THD Fibraid® products, click here.
Flavonoid supplements for haemorrhoids
In addition to constipation and to problems of intestinal peristalsis, haemorrhoidal disease is associated with dysfunctions at the level of venous microcirculation, in particular of the rectal venous plexus. In the presence of haemorrhoidal disease, it is therefore important to act both on intestinal regularity and on the functionality of the blood microcirculation.
To prevent and treat symptomatic haemorrhoids, as well as constipation, it is therefore necessary to also act on:
- inflammation and bleeding tendency of the haemorrhoidal cushions.
- capillary fragility and permeability.
- oedema and swelling.
- weakening of the venous walls and of the perivascular connective tissue.
For this purpose, numerous flavonoid supplements are available which are useful for the well-being of the microcirculation and as adjuvants in the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease.
Bioflavonoid supplements help:
- to prevent weakening of the venous walls.
- to reduce capillary fragility.
- to inhibit the local inflammation process and the bleeding tendency of the haemorrhoids.
THD offers two bioflavonoid supplements: THD Fleben® 1000 and THD Fleben® tablets. THD Fleben® 1000 and THD Fleben® tablets are adjuvants in the treatment of microcirculation problems and in particular of haemorrhoids.
For further information on THD Fleben®, click here.
Adjuvants and creams for haemorrhoids for topical use
In the early stages, it is often possible to effectively control the haemorrhoidal disease with the help of fibre and flavonoid supplements and of adjuvants to be applied locally.
There are many preparations for topical use on the market which enable alleviating the symptoms associated with haemorrhoidal disease and promote healing, including:
- emollient and soothing creams
- topical pharmaceutical preparations containing anaesthetics
- topical pharmaceutical preparations containing cortisone
Research by THD has led to the birth of THD® Cream, an adjuvant cream specific for the treatment of haemorrhoids and of the associated symptoms. For further information on THD® Cream, click here.
Intimate detergents for the perianal area
In the case of haemorrhoids, hygiene of the perianal area is essential to avoid the onset of irritation which could worsen the symptoms and slow healing.
The use of an intimate detergent specific for the perianal region enables supporting the action of local topical treatments or of systemic therapies. However, too aggressive intimate detergents can alter the skin's hydrolipidic film, aggravating the pathology and local inflammation.
The ideal intimate detergent must in fact:
- soothe and moisturise
In the presence of anorectal disorders, it is therefore important to use a soothing and moisturising intimate detergent with an anti-bacterial action and physiological pH.
THD offers THD Deliclin® Soap, an intimate detergent specific for the perianal region which cleanses, disinfects, moisturises and soothes. For further information on THD Deliclin® Soap, click here.
THD: supplements, adjuvants and intimate detergents for haemorrhoids
Thanks to a complete line of supplements, intimate detergents and adjuvants, THD is able to offer an integrated approach to the management of haemorrhoidal disease, the result of research and innovation by the THD laboratories: